Indoor plant light
Sunlight plays a very important role in the development of a plant, but different plants prefer different light intensities. One does not mind swimming in direct sunlight, while others prefer shade. Some plants like diffused light, while for others, a regular electric lamp is enough.
This article will list the main, widespread household pets and their lighting preferences.
Aspidistra, aglaonema, galksina, sansevieria (mother-in-law's tongue or pike tail). As you can see from the list, there are very few such plants, but this does not mean at all that they need to be installed in dark nooks. They feel good in partial shade.
Feel great in partial shade
Fragrant dracaena, bordered dracaena, common ivy, tolmia, fatsia, scindansus, ferns, dwarf ficus, fittonia, creeping philodendron, fatshidera, as well as those who love shade.
Such plants feel good in diffused sunlight.
Asparagus, anthurium, azalea, royal begonia, grapes, bromeliads, dieffenbachia, dizigotene, zygocactus (Christmas), monstera, oxalis, columnea, penemeria, lily, scindapsus, philodendron, spathiphyllum, cyclone, chlorophytum, schleflera. Such conditions are preferred by most ornamental deciduous and flowering plants. One of the brightest places in the apartment is the windowsill, although it's not bad nearby either. At the same time, one must not forget that at a distance of half a meter from the windowsill, the amount of light is 2 times less.
Don't mind spending time on the windowsill
Acacia, bougainvillea, achapandus, liliatropus, bouvardia, hippeastrum, hibiscus, jasmine, irezina, zebrina, succulents, cacti, coleus, callistemon, citrus fruits, nerine, lantana, oleander, pelargonium, epithelium, geranium. The list is not small, but if possible, then they should be protected from direct sunlight.
Direct sunlight will not harm such representatives of home ornamental plants
Ginure, beloperone, zebrin, gloxinia, codiaum, capsicum, apical cordilina, kufei, nertera, touch-sensitive, sansevieria, poinsettia, streptocarchus, sencolia, tradescantia, chlorophytum, hoye, chrysanthemum, ficus.
Naturally, not all the plants listed are listed, but only those that most often end up on the windowsill or just in apartments, both for amateur gardeners and housewives. Plants need sunlight in the same way as air and water, but in moderation. This condition is essential for the normal development of a particular plant species. In this case, one should strictly adhere to the recommendations for caring for plants, as well as creating conditions for normal development, including ensuring the required amount of light. The plant can feel bad, both with a lack of light, and with its excess, and there is no need to talk about the effect of direct sunlight at all, since the plant can get burns. In this case, the result can be disastrous, and it is always difficult to start over.
Adenium at Home: Indoor Plants LED Lighting.
Indoor plants that do not require light
Almost always in the apartment there are places and corners where the rays of light peep in only for a few hours. Shade-loving, unpretentious indoor plants will help to create coziness and decorate such places. There are types of flowers that only need light shading, and there are also lovers of the complete absence of sunlight.
The most shade-loving plants
Houseplants that do not require light belong to two families. Plants of the maran family prefer diffused light or partial shade. The best place for them is where the sun's rays break through only in the morning or at the end of the day. If you notice burns on the leaves or the color of the foliage has noticeably faded, then there is too much light in the proposed place for the flower.
Dim light is also suitable for indoor plants of the Aroid family. Plants of this family need sunlight only in winter. But in the warm season, it is imperative to cover the flowers from direct rays, especially in the midday period.
Houseplants that do not require light
It is worth noting that almost all indoor plants that do not require light are decorative deciduous. So you cannot grow flowering pots in the shade. For plants of this type, the distance from the window, the choice of the location of the window, proper care and the possibility of additional lighting are very important. We offer you a list of indoor plants that require light of different intensities:
- Plants that do not like light and prefer strong shading. Such flowers do not need additional illumination either. These include palisot. This is a fairly rare plant, belongs to the commeline family and likes strong shading. You can put the aucuba in a dark place. The flower is home to subtropical forests, where it is located in the deep shade of trees, so a dark corner is an ideal place for it. Strong shading is tolerated by aspidistra.
- Indoor plants that do not require light and require additional lighting. These plants include aglaonema. This is a relative of Dieffenbachia, which is very similar to her. This flower requires additional lighting in winter. It is also good to place alocasia in the shade. The plant has very beautiful sagittal-oval leaves. Anthurium will look very nice in the apartment. This is a flowering and decorative deciduous plant that tolerates partial shade well. Begonias do not like direct sunlight. The flower pot is best placed on the north window or simply shaded during the period of sunlight. The shadow of dracaena tolerates well. But in winter, it is better to put it on a sunny window so that the leaves do not lose their brightness.
- Plants that do not require bright light and prefer light shading. These plants include monsters. The flower does not tolerate direct sunlight, prefers light partial shade. Cordilina will feel good in the shade. Too much shading will cause stunted growth and small foliage. In general, variegated plants need good lighting, but not in direct sunlight. Ligustrum adapts well to any conditions of detention. The flower grows equally well both on a sunny windowsill and in the shade of a curtain. Ficuses are perfect for rooms with light shade. Tree-like forms look very nice in apartments and adapt well enough to room conditions. In an office with a slight darkening, an echarius will look great. Juicy dark greens will brighten your desktop well. Under favorable conditions, the plant can bloom.
Physiology and morphology of light-loving plants
Light-loving plants adapted to sunlight due to their physiology and morphology. They have thickened leaves that are almost vertical to the sky and change position according to the height of the sun. Basically, their size is small, the shape can be dissected. The surface is shiny or fluffy.
Heliophytes have superbly formed mechanical tissues with many veins and a huge number of stomata. Their representatives are fruit and ornamental trees and shrubs, luxurious herbs and charming flowers.
Among them are the well-known trees:
They like to bask in the sun and shrubs:
- rose hip
Herbaceous plants reaching out to the sun:
- St. John's wort.
Flowers love rays of light:
Houseplants that love direct sunlight
Not all flowers are capable of growing in the sun, but only a few. The most popular are described below.
Cactus is a member of the Cactus family, which is divided into 4 species.
For your information! The cactus got its name in Greece. In 1736 K. Linnaeus named it small cactus, or thistle.
The flowering period depends on the type of cactus. The thorny flower is best placed on the south side of the room with bright diffused light.
The air temperature may be normal. The plant needs moderate watering, which is not done at all in rainy and cold weather. In spring, when growing, the cactus is sprayed with water.
Important! There are separate watering conditions for each type of cactus.
During its growth, the cactus is fed once a week with a solution of a special mineral fertilizer developed specifically for cacti. The dormant period is from mid-November to March or after the end of flowering. Transplanted as needed. Propagated by vegetative and seed methods.
The main advantage of the cactus is its simplicity. He tolerates sudden temperature changes well, he feels great in apartments, offices and gardens.
Thorny flower for home and office
The plant belongs to the Tolstyannikov family, sometimes it is called a bastard. Krasulla is an ornamental deciduous plant. The leaf plates are simple, they often have a ciliated appearance. The flowers are usually white, red, yellow or light blue. It will bloom perfectly in bright sunlight and shade. The pot can be placed on any window. It tolerates normal room temperatures and any air well, so the plant can be safely transferred to the garden. Watering is carried out after the soil in the pot dries out to a depth of 15 to 35 mm.
The dormant period has not been identified, however, a winter decline in growth is noted. The flower is transplanted every 2 years. Propagated by seed and cuttings. It is fed in spring and summer once a month. In autumn and winter, top dressing is not applied.
Important! The pot should be large, since the roots of the plant go deep into the depths.
It is believed that krasulla protects the health of all households, releases powerful anti-viral substances, brings good luck and prosperity to the house. Leaf juice is widely used in folk medicine.
Ficus belongs to the Mulberry family. Ficus is an ideal plant for office and residential premises, and a loggia is also suitable for it. Ficus is a source of health. It is believed to release oxygen and absorb various harmful substances.
Note! Ficus is allergenic, so before purchasing it, you should make sure that households are not allergic to it and no one suffers from bronchial asthma.
Ficus blooms only in the wild. The inflorescences look like small balls with a hole. A pollinator insect penetrates through it.
Ficus is ideal for beginner florists. There are many different nutritional mixes and fertilizers available in stores specifically for this flower. The plant loves sunlight, but if the ficus sheds leaves, then it should be moved away from direct rays. Watering should be done in moderation, but at the same time do not allow the soil to dry out and do not place the pot with the plant near the equipment from which the heat emanates.
Aloe can be found in almost every apartment. The most common species are tree aloe and aloe vera. The plant's fleshy narrow leaves are widely used for medical purposes and cosmetic procedures. The plant can reach a height of up to 1.5 m.
For your information! When planting aloe, the pot should be large and have drainage holes that allow air to pass through. This is necessary to ensure proper watering and prevent stagnation of water in the soil. Watering is carried out as the soil dries up, while it is necessary to water both the upper part of the plant and the lower one.
Lighting plays an important role in the proper care of aloe. In winter, the pot should be placed in the brightest places or connected to artificial light. In the summer, you can take the plant out into the garden or on the balcony, while excluding rain, wind and drafts. Aloe loves warm air. If the leaves of the plant turn pale, then this indicates a lack of sunlight.
It is better to propagate aloe in the autumn by cuttings or root shoots. When transplanting, it is necessary to stop watering two to three weeks before the start of the procedure.
Aloe - home medicine for all ailments
Both people and animals should be careful with oleander / Photo: domashniecvety.ru
Beautiful on the outside, but terrible on the inside, oleander is a threat to both humans and animals. Small children and pets should be kept away from the flower as it contains cardiac glycoside. This substance provokes severe intestinal colic, causes diarrhea with blood, increases sweating, deprives normal coordination and makes breathing difficult. This is fraught with swelling of the pharynx, tremors in the muscles and problems with the cardiovascular system.
8. Polystichum falcatum
Despite the status of shade-loving plants, most ferns in indoor culture prefer not shaded areas at all. Almost the only fern that feels good at a distance of 2 m from the window is the crescent polystichum (Polystichum falcatum). This plant has its own advantages and disadvantages. Reaching a height of 50-70 cm, the mnogoryadnik produces very beautiful fronds with lobes unusually large for ferns.
It seems architectural and patterned, surprisingly effective and in the potting culture attracts primarily with its rich green color and openwork spreading texture of the leaves. And the crescent-shaped lobes on the leaf blades at the same time give the plant no less charm than a spectacular glossy sheen. In appearance, this fern is somewhat different from their indoor counterparts. And this is not surprising: unlike most indoor ferns, the mulberry is a ground cover plant.
According to the modern classification, it is customary to call Cyrtomium falcatum, a crescent-shaped man (Polystichum falcatum), but in everyday life he continues to be called a crescent-shaped man.
The main and, perhaps, the only drawback of the sickle-shaped moth is the love of coolness. He feels comfortable in cool conditions with an air temperature of about 10 degrees Celsius in winter and about 16-18 degrees in summer. While maintaining uniform soil moisture, frequent spraying and restrained top dressing, the multi-rower is able to adapt to higher temperatures, especially if it is in a shady location in the interior.