This beautiful flower has absolutely nothing in common with what grows in suburban areas and in flower beds. But still no, the home flower is rightfully called jasmine, but the bushes on the street, with fragrant flowers, are mock-orange (false jasmine). These plants are united only by the pleasant aroma that comes from the flowers.
Of the indoor species, two are most often found - Sambac (Arabian jasmine) and Holoflower. Arabian jasmine pleases with its flowering the whole summer and autumn, too, therefore, flower growers love it very much. Such a flower, due to its long stems, is often used as an ampelous plant. Jasmine woven into the arch looks very impressive, it is often sold just like that.
The process of caring for such a flower is not complicated at all. But, paradoxical as it may seem, its rich smell can be attributed to disadvantages. Sleeping next to a jasmine that has flowers is far from harmless, the next morning a terrible pain in the head may appear. So it is better not to place it in the bedroom, but in a spacious and fairly bright living room, the most passing place for such a plant, the office reception may also be suitable.
How to care for homemade jasmine?
Temperature. This fragrant plant has no special requirements for air temperature. In summer, it feels great both in the heat and at normal temperatures. In the fresh air, he is also very good. Just one moment, jasmine does not perceive drafts well, so it must be protected from them. In winter, the plant is better suited to a moderate temperature, even slightly lower. When kept in winter, the temperature regime is within +8 - +20 degrees, the upper mark may be higher, only then it will be necessary to monitor watering and spraying, this will have to be done more often.
Lighting. Jasmine belongs to light-loving plants, it even perceives the direct rays of the sun quite well, but not for long. But still, you should not spoil the flower with a direct hit of scorching rays, it is a little desirable to shade it.
Watering, feeding and air humidity. Do not overdry the soil, jasmine does not like this very much. In summer weather, it is necessary that the soil be moist all the time, so that at this time, abundant watering should be performed. In winter, the number of watering is reduced taking into account the air temperature, if it rises, you need to water more often. A very important point - water for irrigation should always be used soft and warm and spray the same. When it is necessary to spray summer outside the window every day, in winter - as required, if it is dry and warm in the room, it is necessary to spray it, and at a cool temperature, you can not moisten the leaves of the plant.
From mid-spring to the end of August, once every 7-10 days, jasmine is actively growing and therefore needs to be fertilized. Common fertilizers used for houseplants that are in bloom work well. You can also use a complete mineral fertilizer. But it is best of all to apply both fertilizers alternately with liquid fertilizers that contain potassium.
Transfer. In most cases, only young plants are transplanted every year, adults when required, but this should be done every two to three years. It is better to use a mixture of soil for this, consisting of equal parts of sod and leafy land, peat and greenhouse soil, as well as half of the sand and coniferous soil. Good drainage is essential.
Pruning and pinching. In order for jasmine to please with its splendor and beauty, such actions must be performed. Pruning does not bring anything bad to the flower, and he tolerates it calmly, so you can safely do it. It is better to carry out a similar process in the spring (end of February - March), while growth has not begun. If the stems are thin and weak, then they can be cut in half, otherwise the pruning is usually done by a third. This will not only allow the jasmine to look great, but it will also give an incentive for the growth of shoots on the side, where flower buds will begin to form.
It is more expedient to pinch young plants as there is almost nothing to cut off. Adults also do not mind such a procedure, only it must be done selectively.
Reproduction. There are two ways - cuttings and layering. For this, it is better to choose cuttings of one-year-olds that have matured well, with a length of up to 15 cm and with 2-3 nodules, after pruning there are just many suitable ones. Cuttings are planted in a mixture of equal parts of earth and sand, or just in sand, but wet.
And a more visual way is a container of water in which to place the cuttings until the roots are formed. Before this, the slice can be treated with a stimulant. Without this, rooting will take a month and a half. The best temperature for the rooting process is +22 degrees. It is easy to propagate jasmine by layering. It is allowed to bury the bends throughout the summer.
The main pests indoor jasmine are aphids, leaf weevils and spider mites. And once again, for a reminder, in no case should this plant be placed in the sleeping room and the nursery, in order to avoid a severe headache.
Jasmine is a delicate and fragrant flower: care tips
Jasmine is a flower of incredible beauty from the olive family. Its homeland is the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Asia and America. There are many types of this plant. It has woody stems, feathery leaves and white flowers, collected in 5-6 (in some species more) pieces in an interesting racemose inflorescence. The flowers themselves are small - about 2.5 cm in diameter, in fact - they are very fragrant. They begin to bloom in adulthood.
Several of their species can be grown at home - indoor jasmine plants. They all grow like vines, and their flowers are collected in inflorescences. The most popular plants are those with fragrant white flowers, however, not all of them bloom in this way. There are, for example, also with yellow flowers. The basic rules for the successful, successful cultivation of these flowers are reduced to the mandatory content in the winter in the coolness, in the summer in the open air, to tying the stems to the supports and bright light, without possible drying out of the soil. But you can go deeper into the details.
Jasmine: indoor flower
Temperature: In summer, jasmine is kept at its most common temperature. In winter, it should be kept at around 8-10 ° C, well, at least 6 ° C. The Sambac species is kept in winter at temperatures of 17-18 ° C, the minimum is 16 ° C, but in no case higher than 22 ° C. If suddenly the temperature is higher, it is necessary to maintain a corresponding high humidity in the air.
Lighting: jasmine is very light-requiring. To achieve good flowering and development, he still needs good lighting, with reliable protection from the hot direct rays of the sun. A flower grows well on eastern windows without any shading.
Watering: Abundant in summer and spring, the soil must be slightly damp at all times. In winter, more moderate watering is better. The jasmine flower does not tolerate the slightest drying out of its earthen coma, but excessive stagnation of water at the roots themselves should also be avoided. Prepared water for irrigation should be a little lukewarm and always soft. Better, of course, to use filtered, boiled or rainy ones.
Fertilizing watering should be carried out during a period of rapid active growth, which falls in the spring-summer (April-August), once a week. This should be done with liquid fertilizer for specially flowering indoor flowerpots (potash fertilizers).
Air humidity: It is important to regularly spray jasmine with soft water in the summer.
Transfer: Transplanted in the spring, in March. If the plants are still young, they are transplanted annually, and when they are old, then usually after 2-3 g. The soil is as follows: 1 hour of clay-sod, 1 hour of leaf and 1 hour of sand - this is for young plants. And for the old ones - clay-sod land is used in 2 hours.
Reproduction: Cuttings in summer and early spring, and also by layering. It is better to take lateral one-year-old shoots for cuttings, because the plants obtained from them will begin to bloom earlier. Cuttings with a slightly woody stem take root in late summer. It is desirable, of course, to carry out rooting with good soil heating. Jasmine cuttings root in moist soil or water, while covering the cut with a jar with a thick plastic bag.
This flower, as you know, was obtained in France with the filing of the famous Lemoine company. Small-leaved chubushnik and crown mock-orange were crossed, and Lemoine's mock-orange was obtained, from the hybrid of which many rather successful varieties were derived: Ermine Mantle, Alabaster, Glacier, Mont Blanc, Charm, Avalanche, Maiden (Virgin).
Fortunately, all varieties of chubushniks have different flowering periods, so that you can stretch the joy that these unusually exquisite bushes with a pleasant strong aroma give in time. They can be very high (up to 3 m). Jasmines bloom (which is very pleasing) simultaneously with many beautiful bright perennials, which look quite advantageous against the background of bushes densely covered with white flowers. Golden jasmine is beautifully and tastefully combined with bright red-leaved barberries and dark conifers.
No wonder why garden jasmine is so popular. The flower easily adapts to any environmental conditions. It blooms magnificently in well-lit areas, and weakly in the shade, the bushes are bare from below.
Reproduction is very affordable - by dividing the bush, shoots, sowing seeds, layering, green or lignified cuttings.
Like indoor ones, they really need moisture, so sometimes they require abundant additional watering.
Jasmines look very beautiful near fences or outbuildings. Be sure to plant it at your place and enjoy the wonderful creations of nature!
Jasmine is multiplied in early spring by cuttings at temperatures between 18 and 20 degrees in the sand.
In addition, propagation by root cuttings is also possible. After three to four weeks, rooted cuttings are transplanted into 9-centimeter pots in a mixture of foliage and sod land with the addition of some amount of sand.
In the summer, plants are transplanted into 11 - 13 cm pots into the same soil mixture.
Then, every year in the spring, they are transplanted from 4-5 years of age, transplanted after two to three years.
The stems are tied to pegs or potted slats.
In the summer they are kept in a bright place with little watering, in winter the plants are kept on the windowsills, watering is significantly reduced, but they do not allow the land to dry out.
Fertilizers often do not need to be applied, since in this case the plants bloom very weakly, but nevertheless, at the beginning of growth, it is better to give 1-2 liquid dressings.
Numerous jasmines, which belong to the oilseed family, differ in white, strongly, almost to a heady state, very fragrant flowers, often, however, quite inconspicuous of them for rooms, only 2 species are of particular value: Granadiflorum (large-colored jasmine) and J. Sambac (Arabic or Oriental) jasmine.
The first of them, found wild throughout tropical Asia, is a not dense evergreen shrub with separate leaves and star-shaped flowers.
The second has shiny elliptical-ovoid leaves and pleasantly fragrant white medium-sized flowers that take on a reddish-orange color when flowering. In culture, it is not the main type of Arabian jasmine that is widespread, but its double form. Jasmines are, by nature, an almost climbing plant. Although their flowers are relatively outwardly inconspicuous, they, in addition to a wonderful smell, also appear not only in summer, but also in winter.
When growing indoor jasmine does not reach a very large size and strong bush development, most often they remain small and weak, so they must be tied to pegs stuck in pots.
They are planted in heather, peat or leafy soil, mixed with sand or half and half with turf.
From fertilization they grow but do not bloom.
Too much watering has the same effect. In summer they love air, in winter they grow up in a moderately warm room. Propagation by cuttings and branches.
The temperature should be moderate, in winter not lower than + 8 ° С.
Recommended lighting is bright pseudo-daylight with little direct sunlight. Watering is plentiful throughout the year. Air humidity - requires frequent and abundant spraying of the leaves.
A transplant is required as needed in the spring. Reproduction - stem cuttings in the spring.
If jasmine is an adornment in the garden and in the country, why not keep its wonderful aroma for yourself and your loved ones in winter ...
Camellia has a "tainted" reputation as a capricious plant. In pre-revolutionary Russia, an exquisite plant was expensive. Nowadays, new varieties and hybrids are quite affordable. Flowering lasts from November - December to March. Many "horror stories" have been created about the camellia. It is believed that during the budding period, the tree (bush) cannot be transferred from place to place. My camellias have been growing for a long time, I often rearrange them to different places in the house, even with buds and flowers. But dryness and too warm air leads to serious problems. Especially during flowering. Saves a small sprayer, which I wet the leaves, but not the flowers. It is also impossible to allow drying out and waterlogging of the soil in the pot. Better to water with soft water. For feeding, you need to use only special fertilizers for camellias or rhododendrons, which acidify the soil. Pots with blooming camellias are kept on the coolest windowsill (veranda or glazed loggia) with an air temperature of +12 - 15? C. My camellias spend the summer in the garden. You can take them out to the open balcony.
Camellia blooms so beautifully and fragrantly that contemplation of this plant distracts from gloomy thoughts. It is pleasant to look after camellia. This legendary plant was previously only available to a few.
Types of indoor jasmine
Of the many available species, most cannot adapt to the home conditions of apartment buildings, they often get sick, their growth is inhibited. A greenhouse, a winter garden with high humidity is another matter.
Despite the fact that in nature all jasmines are vines ranging in length from two to ten meters, at present there are compact varieties that are successfully grown in small apartments.
More suitable for indoor conditions are Sambac jasmine or Arabian and polyanthus (multi-flowered). These are the most common types, because they are the most fragrant and unpretentious. With good care, they can bloom almost all year round, and if at least one flower blooms, only the neighbors through the wall will not feel its wonderful scent.
Sometimes this smell is so strong that at night you have to isolate the jasmine flower, otherwise in the morning you can wake up with a headache.
Jasmine leaves are simple, on short petioles, mostly glossy, leathery, the reverse side is matte, light.
Flowers from a centimeter to three centimeters in size are located singly or in small inflorescences. The bloom of one flower does not last long, a day or two, but it leaves an indelible impression that makes you wait for the next flower to bloom.
Sometimes flowering is suspended for a while, and the more pleasant is the moment of the next, unexpected “blooming”.
Propagated by cuttings
- Preparation of cuttings. Prepare a sharp knife or pruner, disinfect its blade. Cut off the semi-lignified apical shoots that you have into 3 eyes.The upper cut is 1 cm above the peephole, the top is cut off, and the lower cut is made immediately under the peephole. The ideal stalk is one that is selected from a lateral one-year shoot and cut with a "heel" from a two-year shoot.
- We remove the lower leaves, the top with the leaves is also cut off, the middle leaves remain, which must be shortened, cut off by one third. The best cuttings are those on which leaves have formed, but which have not yet fully lignified.
- Before rooting, the lower cut or "heel" is dusted with a powder of heteroauxin or root. Phytohormones will significantly accelerate root formation.
- Preparing the soil mixture. To root jasmine cuttings, it is necessary to prepare a light substrate. It can be 1 part of fertile soil and 1 part of sand, clean sand, perlite, vermiculite, or a mixture of earth with perlite and vermiculite. Moisture should not stagnate in the substrate so as not to cause rotting of cuttings and young roots. In addition, the components of the soil mixture must be disinfected. To kill fungal bacteria and pathogenic microorganisms, the soil must be heated in the oven before use, or frozen, or spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Clay pots with drainage holes in the bottom are best for rooting jasmine cuttings. You can use about 5 - 0.7 l plastic containers.
- We put a layer of expanded clay on the bottom, then pour the soil mixture. Slightly compact and water.
- We insert the prepared stalk into the center so that it goes deeper along the leaves that we left.
- Cover with a glass jar on top to maintain constant humidity. We put the pots on a warm windowsill and shade them from direct sunlight with white paper or a loose white cloth, 2-3 layers of gauze.
- Care consists in timely watering, maintaining a temperature of 20 ° C and regular ventilation.
- Rooting will be evidenced by roots breaking through from the drainage holes, as well as dormant buds that have started to grow.
Jasmine, like any flowering plant, can be propagated in many ways.
If you do not have rooting phytohormones, use honey. One teaspoon per liter of water. Cuttings that have stood in such a solution for a day will soon give roots after planting in the ground. Such a honey solution is an excellent root formation stimulator when cutting not only jasmine, but also other berry and ornamental shrubs.
Cuttings can also be rooted in water. When the roots reach 2-3 cm in size, young seedlings are planted in pots. This should be done as early as possible so that long roots do not suffer during planting.
Pest control at home
If you do not want to use chemicals, then it is permissible to use methods that are safer for health to combat parasitic insects. They are effective when the number of insects and the area of the plant affected by them is small.
Jasmine care video
You can wash the leaves with a solution of water and laundry (brown) soap (1 incomplete tablespoon of soap grated on a coarse grater for 2 cups), while the solution should be at room temperature. Such measures give a positive result in the fight against ticks, whitefly.
You can defeat aphids and weevils with the help of infusion of potato tops. In a ten-liter container with water, place 2 kg of fresh potato tops and leave for 10 days. Then the resulting infusion is filtered and sprayed with jasmine leaves every 5 days no more than three times.
With proper care, indoor jasmine will become your favorite and a real gem of the flower collection. But because of the heady, rich scent, be careful not to install it in the bedroom and children's rooms.